ABSTRACT

Cooperative communities are distributed in dozens of countries the world over, and relations between cooperative circles are being strengthened through national and international networks and associations. It is worthy of note that in the period surveyed various sectors and ideologies became part of the communal way of life. The majority of communes of the late sixties did not survive for more than a year or two, but it should be noted that their disbanding was not the result of government institution pressure, but rather the vast majority fell apart due to internal problems. The moral stocktaking raises the question of the weight of disbandment in the balance sheet of sixties commune contributions. The commune sector gradually dwindled within the general cooperative communities, and a parallel existence was created of cooperative communes and semi-cooperative intentional communities. The uniqueness poses fundamental problems regarding the future of communes and cooperative communities, and that of the kibbutz movement.