Framing the Questions: An Interview with Mary Nolan and Marilyn Young, conducted by Robert Cohen Mary (Molly) Nolan holds the Lillian Vernon Professorship for Teaching Excellence in the Department of History at New York University. She received her Ph.D. from Columbia University, where she trained as a Modern German historian. Her publications include Social Democracy and Society: Working-class Radicalism in Düsseldorf, 1890 – 1920 (1981); Visions of Modernity: American Business and the Modernization of Germany (1994); and, most recently, Th e Transatlantic Century: Europe and America, 1890 – 2010 (2012). She is co-editor of Crimes of War: Guilt and Denial in the Twentieth Century (with Omer Bartov and Atina Grossman) (2002) and Th e University against Itself: Th e NYU Strike and the Future of the Academic Workplace (with Monika Kraus, Michael Palm, and Andrew Ross) (2008). She also publishes on the politics of Holocaust and World War II memory in Germany, including “Air wars, memory wars” in Central European History (March 2005) as well as on anti-Americanism and Americanization in Europe and American anti-Europeanism. She is on the editorial boards of International Labor and Working-class History and Politics and Society.