Framing the Questions: An Interview with Frederick Cooper, conducted by Robert Cohen Frederick Cooper is a professor in the Department of History at New York University. He earned his Ph.D. from Yale University. His books include: Plantation Slavery on the East Coast of Africa (1977); From Slaves to Squatters: Plantation Labor and Agriculture in Zanzibar and Coastal Kenya, 1890 – 1925 (1980), for which he won the Melville Herskovits Prize of the African Studies Association in 1981; On the African Waterfront: Urban Disorder and the Transformation of Work in Colonial Mombasa (1987); Confronting Historical Paradigms: Peasants, Labor, and the Capitalist World System in Africa and Latin America (1993); Decolonization and African Society: Th e Labor Question in French and British Africa (1996); Beyond Slavery: Explorations of Race, Labor, and Citizenship in Postemancipation Societies (with Rebecca Scott and Th omas Holt) (2000); Africa Since 1940: Th e Past of the Present (2002); Colonialism in Question: Th eory, Knowledge, History (2005); and Empires in World History, Power and the Politics of Diff erence (with Jane Burbank) (2010), a recipient of the World History Association Prize for 2011. Cooper is the recipient of several grants and fellowships and has lectured at universities worldwide.