Learning in School
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Learning in School book
The learning of tables is one of the nearest approaches to the learning of nonsense syllables in school. It is not, perhaps, wholly a case of rote learning without any abstraction at all, since the idea of number is itself an abstraction. Once the child understands one, or two, or any number unconnected with any concrete object, he has begun to abstract. In the case of the recitation of the tables, however, all too often the stimulus twice two are ... elicit the response four in a manner similar to the response of an animal in a conditioning experiment, or the parrot doing its tricks in its cage.