The Darwinian Cosmos
DOI link for The Darwinian Cosmos
The Darwinian Cosmos book
Except for the Copernican Revolution no other development in science has caused such profound changes in cultural values – in how we view our place in the universe – as the Darwinian Revolution. In both cases fundamental aspects of the traditional Judaic-Christian world view were replaced by a new interpretation of the universe. The Copernican Revolution resulted in humans realizing that earth and, therefore, humans were no longer the center of the universe – no longer the center of a hierarchical cosmos stretching up to the perfect heavens. In breaking down the barrier between the perfect and unchanging heavens and the ﬂawed earth, this new view of the universe meant that it was non-hierarchical and operated by ﬁxed laws of dynamics. In spite of this profound change, humans could still believe that
they were spiritually unique and signiﬁcant. Humans alone of God’s creatures were moral beings, masters of a world that had been designed by the Creator to support them. Humans represented the peak in the “great chain of being” that united all things into a natural hierarchy. Surely no purely natural process could have led to the orderly system of life, especially to have created a thinking, reasoning, but most importantly a spiritual, moral being. Although in one sense the Copernican Revolution profoundly challenged humanity’s place in the universe, in another way it left its position intact.