It is somewhat remarkable that the educational methods of that civilisation, which has played a bigger part than any other in the education of the world, should have received so little attention. The ideal Athenian citizen, who was at once warrior, statesman, philosopher, and artist, was the product of a finely balanced educational system throughout which play and physical activity took the leading part. We cannot of course, to-day, advocate that the same stress be laid upon the cultivation of physical perfection, but to compare for a moment the ideals and results of ancient Greek education with those of modem Europe produces an uncomfortable feeling that, somewhere in the intervening centuries, our sense of proportion in matters of education has gone astray.