Civilisation may have accomplished great things for the race, but what has it done for the child? There is, of course, compulsory education, but for the rest of his benefits we hardly think he owes a thank you. The factory laws, the pure milk, the Care Committees, the National Societies, and Hygiene Associations, all these are merely remedial measures against the evils which civilisation has itself produced. Modem industrialism has bred a form of barbarism infinitely more degrading than any primitive state of savagery. Children are the nation's source of supply, yet we are kept too busy, in our enlightened age, bolstering up the product with invalid insurance and old age pensions, to pay much attention to the source. As Dr. Woods Hutchinson has said: