One of the criticisms frequently made of atheistic humanism, especially by people of a religious persuasion, is that it embraces a diminished conception of what it is to be human. Especially because of its alliance with a scientifi c view of the world, it is said to be committed to something called ‘materialism’ and therefore to leave no room for what makes us distinctively human – our ‘higher’ nature, our ‘soul’ or ‘spirit’ in virtue of which we are ‘made in the image of God’. What are we to make of these charges?