Waves of discrimination and harassment against sections of Australia's population, such as the ones examined in chapter 1, are a regular occurrence in Australian society. Since the anti-Arab wave of nationalist violence of the early 1990s, there has been a number of waves of anti-Asian violence, most recently following the election of the Liberal government and the re-emergence of extreme-right forms of nationalist politics. Subjection to this nationalist violence, fed by racist modes of classification, is a constant feature of Aboriginal daily lives. Yet, and despite this, there is constant characterisation of these practices as an oddity in the Australian landscape.