ABSTRACT

In the early 1970s, the welfare rights movement reached a critical juncture. The struggle for a guar anteed income bill had consumed NWRO for several years, draining it of resources and detracting from grassroots organizing. Still, the struggle to implement such a bill legislatively seemed futile.At a crossroads, movement leaders contemplated a new strategy. Relentless internal debates about how to deal w ith these new obstacles br ought to the fore the many undercurrents of tension and conflict. The most glaring division r emained that betw een the mostly male staff and female c onstituency. NWRO leaders g rappled w ith how to address the deep-seat ed negative popular attitudes, and, at times, downright hostilit y that the movement had encountered.