ABSTRACT

Explain the composition and functions of the three political institutions, i.e. the Commission, the Council and the European Parliament Understand the supervisory role of the European Parliament over the Commission and, to a lesser extent, the Council Criticise the current institutional structure Understand the role of the European Council Describe in outline the decision making process Explain the composition of the Court of Justice (CJ) (formerly ECJ) and General Court (GC) (formerly CFI) and their jurisdiction Discuss the procedure in the Court of Justice (CJ) (formerly ECJ)

THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Article 13(1) TEU reads:

‘The Union shall have an institutional framework which shall aim to promote its values, advance its objectives, serve its interests, those of its citizens and those of the Member States, and ensure the consistency, effectiveness and continuity of its policies and actions.