Instructional technologies are playing a crucial enabling role in the transformation of teaching and learning in higher education. These technologies have become the catalyst to rethinking the teaching and learning transaction. Educators are realizing that new and emerging communications technologies are radically changing the educational landscape in terms of flexibility and connectivity. They are providing the means to create fully engaged communities of learners independent of time and space. These technological innovations are not exotic or expensive; they are technologies that have permeated most aspects of life in our increasingly connected society. The ability to connect instructors and students in a sustained manner has changed the expectations and approaches to teaching and learning in higher education.