Thoughtful Romans began to realize the need to attempt some alleviation of the economic situation, if only because it aﬀected Rome’s military strength. The Roman army was a citizen militia: it consisted of men enrolled in ﬁve property classes, but if these men lost their farms and became urban paupers they would sink below the minimum property qualiﬁcation and would be classed as capitecensi or proletarii who were not subject to conscription. The evidence suggests that the needs of recruitment had in fact led to some relaxation of the necessary requirement and that some such men had been enrolled in the armies which fought in Africa and Greece. This would produce further diﬃculty, because on demobilization men previously had a farm to which to return, whereas now some men might be left resourceless apart from any war-booty that they had won. If the strength of the army was to be kept up under the traditional system of recruitment, the peasant farmers of Italy must be restored to their old prosperity. This concern for the needs of the army might combine with distrust of recent developments in the countryside to induce some Romans to attempt some reform.