At one point in The Soccer War, ever since its publication in 1978 a modern

classic of football literature next to Norbert Elias and Eric Dunning’s Quest for

Excitement (1986) or Nick Hornby’s Fever Pitch (1992), Ryszard Kapus´cin´ ski states

about football stadia: ‘In peacetime they are sports venues; in war they turn into

concentration camps’ (Kapus´cin´ ski 1990: 166). Ariel Dorfman, as a more person-

ally concerned eye-witness, ironically speaks of ‘an ingenious idea: Turn the

National Stadium, our largest sports arena, into a gigantic concentration camp’

(Dorfman 2002: 11).