Testing for parameter differences between samples of data Testing parameter differences between groups Testing hierarchical intercept and slope differences in nested groups

In previous chapters, we have learned about the basics of structural equation modeling. In this chapter and subsequent chapters, we will consider other SEM models that demonstrate the variety of applications suitable for structural equation modeling. You should be aware, however, that our discussion will only introduce these SEM models. You are encouraged to explore other examples and applications reported in books (Marcoulides & Schumacker, 1996; Marcoulides & Schumacker, 2001), LISREL software examples, and the references at the end of this chapter. Our intention is to provide a basic understanding of the applications in this chapter to further your interest in the structural equation modeling approach. We have used LISREL-SIMPLIS program examples to better illustrate each application.