The term workaholism has been part of our everyday vocabulary for almost four decades now. Given the widespread use of this term among lay people, it is quite remarkable that our scientific understanding of workaholism is as yet quite limited: even the correct conceptualization of this concept is still heavily debated (Burke, 2006). Is workaholism more than just devoting too much time to work? Should workaholics be considered with compassion as they suffer from a serious disorder that requires treatment, or is workaholism a desirable state that has positive consequences, for both the individual workers and their employers?