The fair trade movement has grown out of a radical social justice critique of

free trade. Based on a Marxist perspective, it is possible to identify a

number of dissonances with the liberal/neo-liberal school of thought (see

Neo-liberalism). First, instead of taking the comparative advantage concept that

underlies free trade theory at face value, some analysts point to the con-

struction of different cost structures, and argue that these have been deter-

mined by the histories of nations, some of which are histories of colonial

subjugation. Free trade theorists, they argue, not only turn a blind eye to

the historical construction of inequality, but in doing so also freeze a parti-

cular status quo, making it impossible for poorer countries to develop, while

economic wealth continues to become concentrated in the hands of weal-

thier nations, perpetuating relations obtaining in the imperialist past with

the colonizers, now the global North, and the colonized, the global South.