EMPLOYING the concept of culture in the study of organizationsraises a number of important questions. For instance, in what waysdo organizations resemble cultural systems communicating meaning across time? Is there a unit of analysis in the organizational setting that corresponds, even if only roughly, to the usages of culture by social and symbolic anthropology? How do the cultural texts, reputed to underpin organizational discourse, get created? Are research practices constructed around the concept of organizational culture necessarily forced to take the form of ethnographies? Are these methods capable of producing insights into underlying communication processes? Can interpretive methods focused upon the cultural aspects of organizational life be employed to examine the practical factors with which organizational members must continually cope?