Philosophy and the Natural Sciences
DOI link for Philosophy and the Natural Sciences
Philosophy and the Natural Sciences book
It is scarcely surprising that the first 'hermeticizing' Muslims were Shiite. On the one hand, Shiite prophetology (see above, ll, A, 2} already in itself subsumed the prophetic category proper to Hermes. He is not a legislative prophet, charged with revealing a sharf'ah to mankind. In prophetic hierohistory, his rank is that of a nabl who was sent to organize the life of the first city-settlements and to teach men the technical sciences. On the other hand, Shiite gnosiology also subsumed in itself the mode of knowledge that was common to the ordinary nabis prior to Islam (such as Hermes}, to the hnams, and to the awliya' in general during the cycle of the walayah which succeeds the cycle of legislative prophecy. This is what we saw described as direct divine inspiration (see above, n, A, 5}, superior even to the legislative mission. Hermetic philosophy does in fact call itself a}Jikmah laduniyah, an inspired wisdom, which is to say a prophetic philosophy.