We are today facing decisive years. After the euphoria of the 1990s where the final victory of liberal democracy and the coming of a ‘new world order’ were hailed from so many quarters, new antagonims have emerged which represent challenges that decades of neo-liberal hegemony have made us unable to confront. In this book I have examined some of those challenges and I have argued that understanding their nature requires coming to terms with the ineradicable dimension of antagonism which exists in human societies, what I have proposed to call ‘the political’.