Several academics have examined the Italian cinema legislation of the post-war period. Bizzarri and Solaroli (1958) published a structured analysis of it, while Quaglietti (1980) sought to place it in the context of an historical reconstruction of the cinema legislation that stretched from the Fascist period to the 1970s. Brunetta (1982) used archival documentation to provide a complete work on post-war Italian cinema. However, as yet no attempt has been made to link Italian fi lm industry legislation of the immediate post-war period to the role of the American Government, American fi lm production and the Vatican. This chapter seeks to address the subject.