For any exposition of the television news medium to hold merit it

becomes imperative to glide into the past to recover its earliest antecedent –

the newsreel. Newsreel presentation involved an intimate relationship

between its producers and events that print reporters had never faced: it was

entirely dependent on pictures that required the camera to be in position

before they unfolded (Montague, 1938: 49). Thus, the early producers of

newsreels discovered that at times when there was a lack of any worthwhile

or pictorial news it was possible to create it. It was also possible to ‘experiment’ with news. Newsreels in the United States, therefore, experi-

mented with everything: news borrowed from newspapers, studies by college

professors, animated diagrammatical representations of a volatile stock

market, and so on. Since newsreels were exhibited before drama perfor-

mances and film shows in theatres, a great degree of dramatisation and

sensationalism was not deemed out of place. They too became part of the

entertainment media.