The emotional state of shame is a complex and fascinating emotion and one that has special signiﬁcance for us today. Present in our lives in a variety of ways and in a variety of circumstances, it has attracted widespread attention. Psychologists have studied its multifaceted and fascinating career. Philosophers have analyzed its structure and character. Novelists, poets, and other artists have exposed its nuances and power. Journalists have bemoaned its eﬀects on the persecuted, the oppressed, and the desperate. Indeed, some have attributed much of the violence and anger that characterize our world to the ubiquity of shame and its dominance over us.