The discussion in Chapter 4 depicted the broad strokes of industrial change within the City Fringe zone as a whole, emphasizing the centrality of cultural production and creative industries to the regeneration of the area, but acknowledging as well the velocity of market pressures on the Fringe’s constituent firms. The influences of London’s global city status and national primacy, entailing scalar issues and deep specialization, were acknowledged as cardinal factors in the shaping of the inner city’s production economy, as was the specific experience of London’s history of industrialization and restructuring.