Claims to land based on its former ownership – that of ‘black spot removals’ victims such as the headmaster who spoke at the Durban meeting, for example – have been pivotal in South Africa’s land reform programme. The relationship between these ‘black spot’ communities and NGO activists, developing over the course of the two decades leading up to 1994, made it almost inevitable that it was they who, in some senses, constituted the ‘ideal’ candidates for restitution.