Part I is concerned with clearing the ground and laying the foundations for a moral theory. Some of the difficulty in understanding what morality does and does not involve is the result of misunderstandings and misapprehensions about the nature of morality and what a moral theory can and cannot do. Chapter 1 focuses on some common ground in the form of commitment to integrity. The next three chapters introduce a number of basic distinctions and errors. In particular, the relationship between morality and religion and nature, the contemporary tendency to think in terms of ‘rights’ and ‘procedural justice’, and the object or purpose of morality are considered.