Mass media and schooling are the two most obvious and important societal institutions shaping senses of national identity. Last chapter we examined how the mass media, particularly television, have presented Hong Kong people in recent years with progressively more favorable images of Chinese people and of China as a country. In this chapter, based on interviews by Mathews and his students with thirty-eight secondary school, primary school, and preschool teachers, as well as eleven researchers in civic education, and some hundred students recalling their own education in the years 2002-05, we explore how Hong Kong schools have been teaching students about national identity.1