Chapter 3 focused on the effects of structural disadvantages and social inequalities on children and youth in different cities around the world. We considered not only how and why young people are, as a group, amongst the most disadvantaged of urban residents, who are often on the front-line of cuts in welfare spending, but also showed to what extent gender, race, ethnicity and class intersect with (young) age to produce highly uneven landscapes of childhood and youth. In relation to urban young people in the Global South, we particularly examined the effects of rural to urban migration and the consequences of poverty and poor health for young people’s daily practices, including their participation in waged and unwaged work.