ABSTRACT

The Ecuadorean state generates a conception of Ecuadorean identity, one grounded in what is supposedly the uniqueness and value of ecuadorianidad (Ecuadorean-ness). When looking at official Ecuadorean nationalism, it is useful to consider three key ‘fields of power’ (the ‘sites’) of history, territory and population around which discursive constructions of nationhood take place. In Anderson’s discussion of Asian official nationalisms, he suggests that

[nationalisms] imagined [the nation’s] dominion-the nature of the human beings it ruled, the geography of its domain, and the legitimacy of its ancestry.