In Latin America, nations and associated modernist discourses of democracy have been filtered through ideologies of gender (Luna 1993). Powerful discourses of nationhood link women and men to the nation in highly gendered ways, simultaneously fractured through complex relations of sexuality. Being one key effect of power, gendered bodies are subject to the creation of ‘nationalized’ behaviours and representations. Such relations shape negotiations over citizenship as women and men have distinct places and identities through which to express claims. Spiralling through the national imagined community, the masculinities and femininities defined as ‘ours’ are constituted opposition to ‘Other’ genders.