INTRODUCTION Relations between indigenous, pribumi, Indonesians and ethnic Chinese have always been among the more politically sensitive of issues in modern Indonesia. On the one hand, pribumis have long harboured animosity toward what they regard as ethnic Chinese dominance of the Indonesian economy. Indonesian Chinese, on the other hand, have had much cause to be insecure about their position in Indonesian society, as their economic power has generally not been translated into any form of direct political power.