ABSTRACT

The "brotherhood and unity" platform, adopted at the AVNOJ conference of 1943, had indicated a final Communist break with its on-and-off support for various separatist movements which at different times conspired to detach Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia and Kosovo from Serbia. As an excuse for the internal chaos, Yugoslav officials like to compare Yugoslavia to the European community: decisions being obstructed in both cases by diversities of national interests. A Serb demand that the Pope should prostrate himself as a penitent at Jasenovac, as Willie Brandt had done at Auschwitz, was the reason why by 1984 this very Catholic community had not received a papal visit. But the inter-communal atrocities of the 1940s had given Yugoslavia a bad name and when the Partisans adopted the slogan "brotherhood and unity", while the members of the royalist government were locked in inter-communal disputes, it was the Communists who emerged as the indispensable unifiers.