This chapter looks at the policy priorities of the Tsai government since 2016 and provides a critical analysis of their successes and implications for the vibrancy of Taiwan’s democracy and institutions, as well as its appeal internationally. The main areas of concern include pension reform, the legalization of same-sex marriage, conservative forces, transitional justice, aboriginal rights, foreign worker rights, and the challenge of countering Chinese interference/united front/disinformation activities while protecting democratic practices and freedom of expression. The chapter also highlights areas where poor policy application or foot-dragging may have cost the DPP support among young voters and civil society.