This chapter examines the ways in which social workers can aid trauma survivors by utilizing assessment techniques and referring those in need for further assistance. Assessment for trauma is important in all areas of social work where there is direct client care. The assessment process is hierarchically layered and begins with assessing for trauma and, if a history of trauma is found, then also for Post-traumatic stress disorder. Assessments of individuals' strengths/resilience and social/coping skills gives us a picture of how they are set in this area and where they can use assistance. Crisis assessments, for instance, differ from psychosocial assessments done at the start of mental health treatment when considering longer term care. During the assessment process, social workers act as detectives, unearthing other underlying issues that might contribute to survivors' current stress. The incidence of suicide, with lethality directed toward self, runs high enough among survivors to warrant a separate assessment of risk.