Some Incompatibilist Proposals
DOI link for Some Incompatibilist Proposals
Some Incompatibilist Proposals book
For those who remain unconvinced that moral responsibility and freedom are compatible with determinism, this chapter will provide a number of alternatives. Libertarianism is a kind of incompatibilism according to which authors sometimes have free will. There are three basic varieties of libertarianism: simple indeterminism, event-causal libertarianism, and agent-causal libertarianism. Simple indeterminism (sometimes called non-causal libertarianism) is the view that when authors act freely there is an uncaused basic mental action. A basic mental action is just what the name implies. In the philosophical study of human action there is a longstanding debate between causalists and non-causalists about reason explanations. Causalists say that reasons must be causes in order to explain the action. Non-causalists often say that reasons provide teleological explanations. For a long time, the debate between compatibilists and libertarians was really a debate between causalists and non-causalists.