Chapter 6 draws attention to yet another group of essential features of spoken discourse, namely, its pragmatic components. The chapter surveys the most common pragmatic constructs in spoken discourse as well as pragmatic functions that can be fulfilled by various linguistic features (phonological, grammatical, and lexical). Similarly to the other core chapters, Chapter 6 starts with Section A that introduces the pragmatic constructs and functions of interest, such as speech acts, discourse markers, conversational routines, and backchanneling. Subsequently, Section B provides a practical, step-by-step explanation for conducting pragmatic analyses with the selected features. Finally, Section C outlines feasible ways for pragmatic features of speech to be included in L2 English instruction.