Personal construct therapy is often classed as a cognitive therapy. A more detailed discussion of the relationship between personal construct psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioural therapy can be found in R. A. Neimeyer. Looked at from the standpoint of personal construct psychology, many current psychotherapies are better viewed as techniques rather than as total approaches in their own right. A person’s aim, according to personal construct psychology, is to make the world as meaningful a place as possible. As a good personal construct psychologist, A. R. Radley moved on, in his essay ‘The opposing self, to discuss the contrast pole—the process of hindered change. Personal problems are often seen as a breakdown in social relationships and so it seems logical that these problems should be sorted out in a social setting. Self-sufficient person who through his own strong determination plus sympathetic external help has become a useful member of society.