DOI link for Party organisation
Party organisation book
Most commentators accept that political parties are an inevitable feature of liberal democracy. It is usually argued that disillusion with political parties is a major factor in the decline in voter turnout in general elections. In defence of United Kingdom (UK) parties, it can be argued that their plight merely reflects a more general tendency of people to disengage from traditional forms of voluntary activity. An alternative model of political organisation is a mass party – one which depends on a large membership to finance the party at national and local levels, publicise its activities, run campaigns, and recruit potential leaders. More professional organisations were required in order to reach a larger electorate, and local bodies which emerged to work for the election of candidates needed coordination from the centre. A National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations was set up in 1867; a National Liberal Federation was established ten years later.