ABSTRACT

Group is a measure of the extent to which an individual’s life is absorbed in and sustained by group membership. An individual joined with others in common residence, shared work, shared resources and recreation would be assigned a high group position. The individualist way of life generates a global equilibrium conception of a benign nature. Individuals in a social position might include those who are members of a commune, a minority religious sect, political party or community-based organization. Cultural theorists have identified five viable ways of life. Each viable way of life involves a specific combination of social relations and cultural bias. They are: the hermit, zero group, zero grid and zero power; the fatalist, low group, high grid and low power; the individualist, low group, low grid and high power; the hierarchist, high group, high grid and high power; and the egalitarian, high group, low grid and low power.