This chapter focuses on the role of Latin American states in a number of international institutions beyond the Western Hemisphere. Most of these institutions are twentieth-century creations. The chapter deals with Latin American participation in the Hague Peace Conferences, the League of Nations, the United Nations System, and in an assortment of commodities agreements and the Nonaligned Movement. The global and extraregional arrangements themselves not only regulate certain aspects of the international system in which Latin American states participate but also reflect certain policies of the external states toward Latin America. Most Latin American states opposed arms control through global arrangements, emphasizing that the region was appreciably different from the rest of the world. Article 51 of the UN Charter recognized regional arrangements as being compatible with global organization and especially appropriate to the settlement of regional disputes.