By 1990, with the end of the Cold War, other regional actors-foremost among them Canada and Australia-were beginning to warm to the idea of a Conference on Security and Cooperation in Asia (CSCA). The formation of a CSCA is beginning to receive support from prominent South Korean journalists and academics in addition to government policy makers. The nations supporting the creation of a CSCA appear to have reached an informal conceptual consensus on the basic purposes and functions of an Asian security regime. With the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union; a growing number of prominent Japanese have begun to challenge the government’s opposition to a CSCA. If regional support for a CSCA should grow, Japan might have an incentive to reconsider its opposition as a means of reducing the fears of others in the region.