Accidental samples have occasionally been used by serious researchers. For example, C. Rubenstein, P. Shaver, and L. A. Peplau published a questionnaire in the Sunday section of several East Coast newspapers in the spring of 1978. In interviews, respondents in purposive samples were asked open-ended questions about problems that a court with the proposed format might create. Abraham S. Ross and Malcolm Grant used the results of these surveys to assist them in developing the questionnaires that were used in the eventual study. The chapter considers how questionnaires are administered to respondents. At the same time the researcher is designing a questionnaire, she must be thinking about how the questions will be asked of the respondents. Response rate refers to the number of questionnaires that are completed and returned compared to the number that are sent out. The surveyor might want the questionnaire to be filled out by the female head of the household.