This chapter examines the efforts of the United Nations to reach agreement with South Africa and the resultant confrontation, due to that country's intransigence, which culminated in the revocation of the mandate. The UN General Assembly terminated South Africa's mandate over Namibia in 1966 and declared that the territory henceforth was under its direct responsibility. Although the new occupiers wished simply to incorporate Namibia into the Union of South Africa, at the Paris Peace Conference after World War I, US President Woodrow Wilson refused to approve such an annexation. The question of Namibia at the United Nations, more than as a political, legal and moral issue, should be seen in the context of the revolutionary movement seeking to end the last vestiges of colonialism and racial discrimination. One of the consequences of the negative verdict of the court was a sharp reaction at the United Nations by the Afro-Asian group, which demanded effective action to end Pretoria's rule in Namibia.