The racial policies that we call apartheid are in fact simply means to ensure the separation of the races, that separation being a moral or ethical value accepted by many South Africans. Many factors conditioned the settlers of southern Africa in the direction of apartheid. The evolution of the structure of South African law to its inclusion of apartheid legislation in all aspects has been gradual. The concept of regulating the movement of Africans originated with the Dutch in the 1650s, but has since become much more refined. Apartheid is prima facie a domestic concern of South Africa. In practice the controversial nature of racial policies has resulted in international as well as domestic controversy over apartheid. The dispute over South West Africa has drawn attention to apartheid, which was implemented there at a time when, in the words of the League Covenant, South Africa governed it “as integral portions of its territory.”