Organizational structure defines how work is formally distributed and divided within an organization. In this chapter you will learn about organizational structure and culture as important factors in employee and organizational effectiveness and well-being. This chapter addresses different approaches to organizational design; the main components of an organization’s structure and their impact on employees; the dimensions of an organization’s culture; the origins of organizational culture and how it evolves in an organization; the functions of organizational culture for an organization; key legal and global issues surrounding structure, culture, and change; and the current issues and research around structure, culture, and change.