The Restoration of Law and Order
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The Restoration of Law and Order book
By the beginning of the nineteenth century the East India Company had acquired dominion over a considerable part of India, and clearly the primary task of British officials was to establish law and order. The normal rule of sharing was, at least in Southern India, that portions were first set aside for the local polygars or chieftains whose connivance was important; then something was provided for the extensive performance of religious ceremonies and for a kind of family pension fund. In modern India it is notorious that the man who terrorises over a village can seldom be convicted of any specific crime—witnesses are too easily intimidated and public spirit is not as a rule strong enough to overcome fear. The East India Company’s servants knew at an early stage that in Bengal Hindu children were thrown into the sea as a sacrifice, though general Hindu sentiment deplored the practice.