This chapter explains what the changing landscape of academia and university might mean for a thesis writer. It explains how the thesis by publication has entered doctoral education in the social sciences and humanities as an alternative to, and in some cases a replacement for, the monograph. The chapter focuses on some of the key debates that have shaped this emergence. The emergence of the thesis by publication and the ­controversies surrounding this format should be understood in light of profound structural changes in doctoral education. One important reason for the emergence of the thesis by publication as a popular alternative to the monograph has to do with a more general turn towards systems of accountability and quality control in higher education. Writing a thesis by publication means having to adapt to multiple academic conventions at a time: those governing the different journals and those governing the narrative for the submitted thesis.