This chapter identifies some of the key questions that one should seek answers to at the institution to get the best idea of what will be expected of him. In addition to finding out how many publications one is expected to submit, one also need to find out what kind of publication counts. In most, if not all, institutional contexts, the (peer-reviewed) journal article is the unquestionable gold standard, but journals publish many different kinds of papers and there are many kinds of journals. The pressure to publish in international journals is felt by academics throughout the world. In practice, this usually means publishing in English language journals. Almost all university guidelines for a thesis by publication will say something about obtaining copyright permissions to include the journal articles or book chapters that one has already published in the thesis. Most universities will have guidelines and templates that tell how they want the table of contents to look.