History, capitalism, and the ethics of kinetics
DOI link for History, capitalism, and the ethics of kinetics
History, capitalism, and the ethics of kinetics book
Complex systems, such as urban traffic systems, are extremely sensitive to their histories in how they evolve. This chapter explores how some features of Vietnam’s unique, and sometimes chaotic past, a past that includes profound hardship, war, famine, and the complexities of colonization, continue to resonate in the evolutionary processes that structure the contemporary traffic system in Ho Chi Minh City through the presence of enduring forms and dynamics. The potpourri of different models, logics, and overlapping systems that have endured from the past result in complex structurations in contemporary Vietnam, often navigated in ways characterized with flexibility and fluidity, influencing outcomes at all levels, from the actions of individual traffic users to the creation of large-scale infrastructure projects.