No attempt has been made to base these recommendations for U.S. policies on an explicit theory or strategy of development. Not only will different approaches work best in different places and even at different times in the same place, but what "work" means will depend on differing local value systems and political goals. Even if all this were not true, we are too often surprised by both successes and failures to justify promulgating dogmatic doctrines. About the only moderately defensible general prescription is that the people and government of the developing country must be determined to develop, even at considerable cost to current domestic political and economic comfort, and that there be wide agreement on the best way to pursue that goal.